Violent debate, enthusiastic writings, shamefaced silence, routes of dream: few areas of ancient culture are incredibly hotly contested as Greek pederasty, or – even as we shall see below – homosexuality. Since the British classicist K.J. Dover published their influential guide Greek Homosexuality in 1978, an avalanche of the latest studies has appeared. We are able to discern two approaches:
- The historic approach: scholars are searching for the (hypothetical) origins of pederasty in really ancient initiation rites and attempt to reconstruct a development. Often, plenty of dream is necessary, because our sources try not to usually reference these rites that are ancient.
- The synchronistic approach: scholars focus upon homosexuality in 5th and fourth-century Athens, where it absolutely was fundamental section of social life.
Within the current article, we are going to make use of the 2nd approach, although we will not overlook the first one. There are lots of resources of evidence: lyrical poetry, vases, statues, urban myths, philosophical treatises, speeches, inscriptions, medical texts, tragedies, comedies, curses (instance), and anecdotes for which homosexual methods are mentioned, lauded, ignored, and quite often frustrated.
The usually outspoken poems plus the philosophy of Plato (427-347) have actually lead to our phrase “Greek maxims” to explain homosexuality that is male. Unfortuitously, we all know almost nothing about feminine homosexuality. Needless to say, it doesn’t mean we simply don’t know much about lesbianism that it did not exist (cf. Continue reading